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Beilstein Journal Abbreviations Beilstein is a name known to millions of chemists, thanks to the ongoing popularity of his seminal Handbuch and later the database derived from it, but few people remember anything about the man himself.
No English-language biography has ever been published. Friedrich Konrad Beilstein was born to German parents in St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 5, He was educated in St. Petersburg, and went to Germany for further study at the age of There he built a reputation as an excellent teacher.
Petersburg, and later became a Russian subject. There he primarily taught analytical chemistry and authored an important textbook, Anleitung zur qualitativen chemischen Analyse , which went through several editions and was translated into several other languages, including an English version by William Ramsay.
Although personal conflicts with Mendeleev and other Russian chemists over the next 15 years damaged his career, Beilstein remained in St. Petersburg for the rest of his life. In the late s Beilstein set out to write a textbook for organic chemistry based on material he had been compiling for over a decade, but as he proceeded it began to evolve into a reference work on all known organic compounds.
In an letter to Erlenmeyer, Beilstein laid out his vision for the book: "I want to put together in one volume the complete material of org. Pretty speeches, charming comparisons, lively pictures and the rest of it are as good as completely absent" quoted in Gordin. His obsession with thoroughness and accuracy required him to read, annotate and recheck every article in the entire organic chemistry literature, a daunting task even in He nevertheless did this work without any significant assistance.
The Handbuch der organischen Chemie was published in German in two volumes in It contained pages and 15, organic compounds. It was well received among chemists, who called it indispensible. Bolton, in his Select Bibliography of Chemistry, Washington DC: Smithsonian, annotated it simply as "a stupendous monument of industrious, intelligent compilation.
For the third edition Beilstein took on an assistant editor, and the four-volume set was published starting in Supplements and an index brought it to eight volumes by The nationalist prejudices of that era against which Beilstein himself, as a German living in Russia, fought unsuccessfully later in life were splintering the scientific establishment, condemning the handbook pioneer to almost immediate obscurity even as his Handbuch continued to grow and flourish.
Editorial operations moved to Germany where it was produced thereafter by the German Chemical Society. In the editors adopted a new system of categorizing all organic compounds, the Beilstein System. In , as World War I was ending, Springer-Verlag began publication of the monumental Fourth Edition of the Handbuch, which would stretch over 80 years, five supplementary series, and volumes. Eventually, however, the sheer enormity of the chemical literature rendered such perfection impossible, and the Handbuch began to lag behind the literature, especially during and after the disruptions caused by World War II.
The 4th Supplement covering the literature through was not fully completed until The 5th Supplement, now in English, essentially abandoned the idea of comprehensiveness and settled for a voluminous but more selective coverage of heterocyclic literature between and It finally ceased publication in print in , nearly twenty years after its literature closing date and long after most libraries had given up on it as a grossly expensive dinosaur.
Elsevier later purchased the system outright and launched its web-based successor Reaxys in This database, containing data on millions of compounds and reactions, is a monumental work in itself. Bibliography Gordin, Michael D.
Gordin, Michael D. MIT Press, Scientific Babel: how science was done before and after global English. Huntress, E. Luckenbach, R. Richter, F.
Gmelins Handbuch der anorganischen Chemie
Nikokinos The Compound-Name Index of the Collective Indexes to volumes of the 5th Supplementary Series, in which the heterocyclic compounds containing ring oxygen or chalcogen atoms, or both, are described, is now available. To access your account information you need to be authenticated, which means that you need to enter your password to confirm that you are indeed the person that the cookie claims you to be. Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go.
BEILSTEINS HANDBUCH DER ORGANISCHEN CHEMIE PDF
This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps as most of these works have been housed in our most This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world , and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity individual or corporate has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc.
Beilsteins Handbuch Der Organischen Chemie
Beilsteins Handbuch der Organischen Chemie