GEOGRAPHY OF RAJASTHAN BY BHALLA PDF

Growth, Development and Planning. As per the RAS prelims syllabus, polity can be further classified into. But it only deals geograpuy Logical venn diagram and not maths based venn diagrams e. Geography of Rajasthan by Dr. Bhalla Social and Political Life — Class 8.

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The state shares its north-western and western boundary with the Indo-Pakistan international border that extends about 1, km and touches the major districts Barmer, Bikaner, Ganganaga and Jaisalmer. Rajasthan is bordered by Pakistan in the west and northwest, the states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in the north and northeast.

The state of Madhya Pradesh lies in the southeast and Gujrat in the southwest. The oldest chain of fold mountains- the Aravali Range splits the state into two geographical zones- desert at one side and forest belt on the other. Only 9. The Mount Abu is the only hill station of the state and houses the Guru Shikhar Peak that is the highest peak of the Aravali range with an elevation of 1, m.

The capital city of Rajasthan is Jaipur. Area The north-western state of Rajasthan is the largest Indian state with an area of 3, 42,sq. This state has a type of rhomboid shape and stretches lengthwise km. Topography Rajasthan has varying topographic features though a major part of the state is dominated by parched and dry region. The extensive topography includes rocky terrain, rolling sand dunes, wetlands, barren tracts or land filled with thorny scrubs, river-drained plains, plateaus, ravines and wooded regions.

In a more broad way the topography of Rajasthan can be divided in the following regions- the Aravalli or the Hilly regions, the Thar and the other arid regions, the Plateaus including Vindhaya and the Malwa, the Fertile plains including the Mewar, the Forest Regions and the Waterbodies including Rivers and Salt Lakes.

The varied kind of soils available in Rajasthan are mostly sandy, saline, alkaline and chalky calcareous. Clay, loamy, black lava soil and nitrogenous soils are also found. Owing t the limited rainfall seasonal vegetation such as a few grass species, shrubs and dwarf trees can be found. However food crops are grown in the plains that are drained by the rivers and streamlets owing to the alluvial and clay soil deposits. The hilly tracts of the Aravali are characterized by the black, lava soils that sustain the growth of cotton and sugarcane.

The Rajasthan desert which forms a major portion of the Thar Desert is the biggest desert in India and encompasses the districts of Jaisalmer, Barmer, Bikaner and Jodhpur. In fact the Rajasthan Desert comprises the desert triangle of three cities - Jaisalmer , Bikaner and Jodhpur. The desert becomes very hot during the summer and it experiences extreme climate with an average annual rainfall less than 25 cm.

Days are hot and the nights are cold. Vegetation consists of thorny bushes, shrubs and xerophilious grass. Various species of lizards and snakes are found here. Owing to the varied topography one can find an assortment of flora and fauna and avifauna in Rajasthan.

The tree species found are teak, bamboo, varied species of acacia and khejri. Some National Parks house numerous species of herbs and plants that have medicinal values. There are about species of avifauna including various migratory birds. Weather Like its varying topography, Rajasthan has varying climate.

The weather or climate of the Rajasthan can be broadly classified into four distinct seasons. They are - Pre-monsoon, which is the hot season preceding the monsoon and extends from April to June, the Monsoon that occurs in the month of June in the eastern region and mid- July in the western arid regions, the Post-monsoon that commences from mid-September and continues till November and the Winter that extends from December to March, January being the coldest month of the year.

Last Updated on : February 4,

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