He is sometimes considered to be the modern discoverer of prehistoric Greece, though scholarship in the late 20th and early 21st centuries revealed that much self-mythologizing was involved in establishing his reputation. Youth and early career Schliemann was the son of a poor pastor. By one of his autobiographical accounts, it was a picture of Troy in flames in a history book his father had given him when he was seven years old that remained in his memory throughout his life and sustained his fervent belief in the historical foundations of the Homeric poems. He worked for several years at the grocery and then determined to emigrate. In order to do so, he became a cabin boy on a ship bound from Hamburg to Venezuela. After the vessel was wrecked off the Dutch coast, he became an office boy and then a bookkeeper for a trading firm in Amsterdam.
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His father, Ernst Schliemann, was a Lutheran minister. The family moved to Ankershagen in today their home houses the Heinrich Schliemann Museum. When he was eleven years old, his father paid for him to enroll in the Gymnasium grammar school at Neustrelitz.
Schliemann later claimed that at the age of 7 he had declared he would one day excavate the city of Troy. In his archaeological career, however, there was often a division between Schliemann and the educated professionals. After twelve days at sea, the ship foundered in a gale.
The survivors washed up on the shores of the Netherlands. Career and family[ edit ] Schliemann as a young man On March 1, , year-old Schliemann took a position with B. In , the firm sent him as a General Agent to St. In time, Schliemann represented a number of companies. He learned Russian and Greek, employing a system that he used his entire life to learn languages; Schliemann claimed that it took him six weeks to learn a language  and wrote his diary in the language of whatever country he happened to be in.
In , he learned of the death of his brother, Ludwig, who had become wealthy as a speculator in the California gold fields. When the local Rothschild agent complained about short-weight consignments he left California, pretending it was because of illness.
Schliemann also published what he said was an eyewitness account of the San Francisco Fire of , which he said was in June although it took place in May. At the time he was in Sacramento and used the report of the fire in the Sacramento Daily Journal to write his report. There he attempted to live the life of a gentleman, which brought him into contact with Ekaterina Petrovna Lyschin — , the niece of one of his wealthy friends.
Schliemann had previously learned that his childhood sweetheart, Minna, had married. Heinrich and Ekaterina married on October 12, The marriage was troubled from the start. Schliemann next cornered the market in indigo dye and then went into the indigo business itself, turning a good profit.
Ekaterina and Heinrich had a son, Sergey — , and two daughters, Natalya — and Nadezhda — He cornered the market in saltpeter, sulfur, and lead, constituents of ammunition, which he resold to the Russian government. By , Schliemann was 36 years old and wealthy enough to retire.
In his memoirs, he claimed that he wished to dedicate himself to the pursuit of Troy. As a consequence of his many travels, Schliemann was often separated from his wife and small children. He spent a month studying at the Sorbonne in , while moving his assets from St.
Petersburg to Paris to invest in real estate. He asked his wife to join him, but she refused. He moved to Athens as soon as an Indiana court granted him the divorce and married again two months later.
He is an amateur archaeologist, but many do not refer to him as any other than that of a professional archaeologist. Many refer to him as the "father of pre-Hellenistic archaeology.
In , he was awarded a PhD in absentia  from the university of Rostock for that submission. The Turkish government owned the western half.
Schliemann needed an assistant who was knowledgeable in matters pertaining to Greek culture. As he had divorced Ekaterina in , he advertised for a wife in a newspaper in Athens.
A friend, the Archbishop of Athens, suggested a relative of his, year-old Sophia Engastromenos — Schliemann, age 47, married her in 24 September , despite the 30 year difference in age. Schliemann began work on Troy in His excavations began before archaeology had developed as a professional field.
Thinking that Homeric Troy must be in the lowest level, Schliemann and his workers dug hastily through the upper levels, reaching fortifications that he took to be his target. In , he and Calvert fell out over this method. He later wrote that he had seen the gold glinting in the dirt and dismissed the workmen so that he and Sophia could excavate it themselves; they removed it in her shawl. Schliemann later admitted fabricating it; at the time of the discovery Sophia was in fact with her family in Athens, following the death of her father.
Collaborating with Calvert, Schliemann smuggled the treasure out of Turkey. He defended his "smuggling" in Turkey as an attempt to protect the items from corrupt local officials. Upon discovering the Shaft Graves , with their skeletons and more regal gold including the so-called Mask of Agamemnon , Schliemann cabled the king of Greece.
The results were published in Mykenai in This was his second excavation at Troy. Emile Burnouf and Rudolf Virchow joined him there in
His father, Ernst Schliemann, was a Lutheran minister. The family moved to Ankershagen in today their home houses the Heinrich Schliemann Museum. When he was eleven years old, his father paid for him to enroll in the Gymnasium grammar school at Neustrelitz. Schliemann later claimed that at the age of 7 he had declared he would one day excavate the city of Troy. In his archaeological career, however, there was often a division between Schliemann and the educated professionals. After twelve days at sea, the ship foundered in a gale.
Lebensjahres besuchte. November bei schlechtem Wetter mit dem Dreimaster Dorothea aus. Das Schiff strandete jedoch am Am Februar In St.